The Greeks called the solstices “doors”, being the ” door men” and the winter solstice (December 21) would be called “gate of the gods”.
In cultures like Egyptian , Mayan , Aztec or Tibetan , also had considerable importance of the solstices because they were experts on the stars to determine the best planning their planting, harvesting or riverbed, coming to dominate accurately and predict every type of celestial phenomena .
This feast is celebrated in many towns and in all its versions, revolves around the fire as a tribute to Sun or way to purify sins. It also has prominence water because it is believed that at the exact moment when the sun illuminates the dawn, water sources and streams are endowed with healing and protective qualities. Many people threw old clothes , papers and any memory that would be wiped off during the year.
Various festivals throughout Catalonia Sant Joan ( ” revetlles ” ) are held, but it is in Barcelona where, may be, you can live more intensely .
One option for everyone is to go to the beach and make fires , another is to attend the popular festivals of neighborhoods or see fire shows of the evils in the city center. All is seasoned with cava and coca of Sant Joan, who complete this magical tradition.